Flone Starting Kit EN

De Documentación colaborativa de Flone
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Before to have a flone[editar]

Why flone?[editar]

We wanted to put on a UAV our ethical and political concerns about the technology of power. Creating an accessible disruptive platform for experimentation and research of airspace, discussing their uses and opening the black box around the UAV's.

Political Principles[editar]

The Hardware and Software Flone is and will always 100% Free Libre Open Source. We do not want to base our innovation on speculation of knowledge, we want to be an example of open knowledge. Ensuring that licenses are GPL v3 for Software and Creative Commons by-sa for hardware and documentation.

We want to empower people to create collective constructions encouraging restless and creative communities. Flone moves in the airspace, we seek recognition as public space.

Economic Principles[editar]

We live in a world where economic conditions of individuals and countries are very uneven. We conducted a self-built to make it as accessible as possible flone ​​digital design and low cost. We seek to socialize the production of aerial images to not only large corporations and governments with resources to produce such documentation.

Ethical Principles[editar]

We condemn the use of UAVs for surveillance of people in private, either by state security forces or any other group. The security of society can only be achieved by building a fair society, and not maintained since surveillance. The drones are a total technology ideal for totalitarian regimes control.

However, we also defend its use by organizations working to defend the rights of humans, animals, or the territory.

Environmental Principles[editar]

We flone ​​lying if we say we have a footprint 0. engines, battery chemistry and other electronic components are not biodegradable. So we pursue their maximum life. Flone structure is wooden and whether it is biodegradable, in case of accident can be repaired with white glue or discarded without generating waste if it has been a major accident. In this case the electric flone ​​skeleton can be reused in a new structure changing flanges.

We have designed flone ​​to minimize the electronics required to fly, why not use a radio control station, looking for re-use and re-cycling components we already have, such as smartphones. With flone ​​help organizations with aims of reforestation and conservation of ecosystems with documentation of environmental crimes as pollutants discharged or deforestation.

Security[editar]

Making mistakes in building or operating a drone is human, sometimes there are accidents. To avoid them, we must follow some safety rules before starting to fly.

Construction[editar]

A main rule in building a drone is the last element to be installed in the drone are the propellers. Always be sure what are you doing with LiPo batteries, specially when battery and propellers are connected.

Traveling[editar]

LIPO batteries, for safety, need to be transported in the cabin. The IATA regulation of dangerous goods that protects your rights as a passenger allows transport LiPo batteries in your hand luggage but NOT in checked luggage. There are 3 kinds of batteries LiPo:

  • Above 160Wh is not allowed.
  • Among 100Wh and 160Wh it is limited to two batteries.
  • 100Wh Under no quantity limit.

The batteries recommended for flone are ​​1500 or 2200 mAh, both are below 100Wh. If you want to reduce even more the risk of explosion you can transport the batteries discharged.

Flying[editar]

Materials[editar]

This is the list of materials: http://rotorbuilds.com/build/126


How and where to acquire the materials[editar]

The difficulty of getting the components to build a flone ​​is highly variable from one country to another. Overall in Europe and the United States can be achieved without major problems, but there are other countries where the task can lead to large tax, to be held in customs and even imprisonment. The origin of electronic components is China. We want to support local economies but it is very difficult to find these materials locally. Aeromodelismo local stores are often merely resellers of Chinese products. Shop at local stores can be multiplied up to 5 flone ​​the total price, however they can be useful if you offer any technical support or to meet the modeler community.

For the structure you should seek some FabLab, Hackerspace or nearby University who have access to a laser cutter.

From Europe, USA and Asia[editar]

Almost all components of the drones are manufactured in Hong Kong, developped countries don't have problems to buy them from Hobbyking, Banggood or Ebay.

From South America and Africa[editar]

There are countries that do not respect the fundamental rights of its citizens, Brazil requisition drones by entering their airports, imprisoned in Egypt a foreigner traveling with her accusing him of spy drone. Of course the bureaucracy and customs duties make it impossible to buy a drone in many developing countries. We present these cases several techniques for introducing drones in countries with controlled entry.

Fragmented buy[editar]

One possibility is to buy flone ​​in parts, so it is difficult to associate each part separately with a drone. China's exports are so many that have made the shipping charges on a marginal amount, so there are some shops like banggood, aliexpress and some sellers on eBay who sell their products without shipping. We then split our order in parts of 50 $ and buy each one separately. Because they are small amounts, they will cross the border without being inadvertently retained either for inspection or for tax collection.

Entry by plane[editar]

For countries that have prohibited or restricted the sale or possession of drones, you'll go into a flone ​​in the country if you follow some minimum precautions. Flone will have to be completely disassembled and if you have several suitcases components divided between all the luggage, always in checked luggage. Depending on the airport can be also checked bags scanned with X-rays to see inside, so that there can not be any X-shaped figure that can betray a quadcopter.

The most important thing is to be relaxed, knowing the law and have prepared an alibi. Be prepared some answers about the purpose or use of those components. Ideally if you can also defend it written about the fate of those components documentation.

Construction[editar]

The construction process has welding parts, modifying configuration files, test steering motors and much more. Let's go there!

Mounting structure[editar]

Soldering XT60 - ESC[editar]

Finishing of connector end XT60 soldier

We will solder the connector XT60 to the four ESC. Instead of having a Power Distribution Board, in flone the ​​XT60 connector is directly soldered to the ESC's.

Pay attention that the connector has positive (red) and negative (black).

There can not be any contact between the positive and the negative, a short circuit that can blow the battery would occur. Also think about how to isolate them, you can do with heat shrinkable sleeve, duct tape or hot glue.

Put all black wires on the negative side of the connector XT60 and solder them, do the same with positive cables. When you're done be sure that it is well insulated.

You can use some help for make the soldering

Flashing ESC[editar]

This step depends on what type of ESC you have, ideally you should use simonk or BLheli firmware for skip this step. If you have not flashed ESC, like the Turnigy Plush, must be flashed, otherwise you can skip this step.

MultiWii Configuration[editar]

First, you need to have Arduino Installed.

To set the MultiWii, you can do so through the config.h. We preapared for you a preconfigured config.h with recomended settings for Flone.

Open Arduino and upload the FloneWii


MultiwiiConf[editar]

To calibrate the plate use the GUI program that you can find in the MultiwiiConf folder.

Connect the board to your team. By entering into this folder you will find different applications depending on the operating system you are using. MultiwiiConf run the file. Select the input port Com Port and press START.

Accelerometer Calibration[editar]

To calibrate the accelerometer to let flone ​​on a flat surface and press CALIB_ACC not move for 8 seconds.


Magnetometer calibration[editar]

To calibrate the magnetometer CALIB_MAG press and turn in all directions and axes for 30 seconds.

Soldering the ESC to the Motors[editar]

Maiden flight[editar]

Stress test[editar]

Test Manual[editar]

Pre Flight Check[editar]

Ready To Fly[editar]

Now, you and flone are ready to fly. Enjoy, and have a nice flight.


Throbleshotting[editar]